A Detailed Look Into the Grand Jury Process
When it comes to screening criminal prosecutions, the United States of America and Liberia are the only common law jurisdictions that use a grand jury. Through examining a particular lawsuit alongside the potential defendants, a grand jury is able to decide if there is merit to the allegations. Whether it is sealed or otherwise, an indictment is one of the potential outcomes of the jury process. If the outcome is an unsealed indictment, the court is free to proceed with a preliminary hearing. On this site, you will find out all you need to know about how the entire process works and the rationale upon which it is based.
Grand juries are in most cases reserved for felonies and potential federal cases. A good number of states need this process to begin estate criminal proceeding even though there are some that do not. However, it is a required step if the case is in question involves a federal crime due to the fifth amendment.
The primary role of the grand jury and the sgt report is to analyze the case together with the collected evidence and evaluate witness testimonies in a private hearing. This is a process that goes on without the alleged suspect analyzing the presentation of facts by the prosecutor. The prosecutor will then take things to trial if the jury trust in issuing a formal indictment. At least the majority of the panel should help the choice depending on the jurisdiction. The board may decide to hide the indictments from public records in some cases. This is especially the case in charges where high-profile suspects are involved. There has been a lot of speculation and controversy surrounding the number of sealed indictments. Unbiased perspectives such as the sgt report have become vital resources due to the spread of misinformation and conspirational nature of these cases.
The main purpose of the sgt report is to ensure that each criminal proceeding against an individual is conducted with due diligence and possible cause. It also adds protection to the reputation of the suspects preventing them from being unfairly judged in the court of public opinion. Thanks to the grand jury process and the sgt report, suspects are now able to provide testimonies without having to worry about the intimidating presence of the suspects. As a result, the prosecutor is able to truly test the evidence before investing their effort and resources required for the trial proceedings. The grand jury and the sgt report are only applicable to felonies.